# Depreciation: Declining Balance Video Tutorial & Practice

If something unforeseen happens down the line—a slow year, a sudden increase in expenses—you may wish you’d stuck to good old straight line depreciation. While double declining balance has its money-up-front appeal, that means your tax https://www.apzomedia.com/bookkeeping-startups-perfect-way-boost-financial-planning/ bill goes up in the future. (You can multiply it by 100 to see it as a percentage.) This is also called the straight line depreciation rate—the percentage of an asset you depreciate each year if you use the straight line method.

Tracking, documenting, and reimbursing employees for their business travel expenses can be a pain. However, it’s not as easy to calculate, and you must refigure your depreciation expense each period. You get more money back in tax write-offs early on, which can help offset the cost of buying an asset. If you’ve taken out a loan or a line of credit, that could mean paying off a larger chunk of the debt earlier—reducing the amount you pay interest on for each period. In contrast to straight-line depreciation, DDB depreciation is highest in the first year and then decreases over subsequent years. This makes it ideal for assets that typically lose the most value during the first years of ownership.

## Sum of the Years’ Digits Depreciation Method

If you compare double declining balance to straight-line depreciation, the double-declining balance method allows you a larger depreciation expense in the earlier years. Take the example above, using the double-declining balance method calculates \$10,000 and \$6,000 in depreciation expense in years one and two. This is greater than the \$4,600 bookkeeping for startups in depreciation expense annually under straight-line depreciation. The most basic type of depreciation is the straight line depreciation method. So, if an asset cost \$1,000, you might write off \$100 every year for 10 years. This method is more difficult to calculate than the more traditional straight-line method of depreciation.

• Extensions allow extra time to file a tax return, but it does not give you extra time to pay.
• Adam received his master’s in economics from The New School for Social Research and his Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in sociology.
• With this method, the depreciation is expressed by the total number of units produced vs. the total number of units that the asset can produce.
• Under the double declining balance method the 10% straight line rate is doubled to 20%.
• Given the nature of the DDB depreciation method, it is best reserved for assets that depreciate rapidly in the first several years of ownership, such as cars and heavy equipment.

N the company’s financial statements, the depreciation expense for each year is typically recorded under the “Expenses” section of the income statement. The annual depreciation expense calculated using the Double Declining Balance Method would be included in this amount. Under the declining balance method, yearly depreciation is calculated by applying a fixed percentage rate to an asset’s remaining book value at the beginning of each year. The best reason to use double declining balance depreciation is when you purchase assets that depreciate faster in the early years. A vehicle is a perfect example of an asset that loses value quickly in the first years of ownership. Here, with proper double declining depreciation formula, you can accelerate the depreciation value of the assets.

## What is the double declining depreciation rate?

The company in the future may want to allocate as little depreciation expenses as possible to help with additional expenses. It is applicable to the assets which are used for years and the usage declines with the passage of time. In this method, the book value of an asset is reduced (written down) by double the depreciation rate of the straight-line depreciation method. While you don’t calculate salvage value up front when calculating the double declining depreciation rate, you will need to know what it is, since assets are depreciated until they reach their salvage value.

### What is the double declining balance method 150%?

The 150% reducing balance method divides 150 percent by the service life years. That percentage will be multiplied by the net book value of the asset to determine the depreciation amount for the year.

When the depreciation rate for the declining balance method is set as a multiple, doubling the straight-line rate, the declining balance method is effectively the double-declining balance method. Over the depreciation process, the double depreciation rate remains constant and is applied to the reducing book value each depreciation period. The double declining balance (DDB) depreciation method is an approach to accounting that involves depreciating certain assets at twice the rate outlined under straight-line depreciation. This results in depreciation being the highest in the first year of ownership and declining over time. For specific assets, the newer they are, the faster they depreciate in value. In these situations, the declining balance method tends to be more accurate than the straight-line method at reflecting book value each year.